Syed Muhammad Ali is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for International Strategic Studies (CISS), Islamabad. Pakistan. Earlier, he has taught Dimensions of Modern Strategy, Foreign Policy Analysis and Comparative Politics at the National Defence University and served as a Course Coordinator and member of the disciplinary committee. He also teaches at the Foreign Service Academy of Pakistan and has a rich and diverse international exposure of both government and multinational organizations. He has served as a correspondent/producer at the Voice of America, Washington, D.C. and Pakistan Television Ltd.; Islamabad, respectively; Controller at Cross Media Ltd., London and consultant at the PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).