Fizza Batool is a Senior Research Fellow in Centre for Peace, Security and Developmental Studies (CPSD) - a non-profit policy think tank in Karachi. She is also a doctoral candidate in the Department of International Relations, University of Karachi. Her doctoral research involves the identification of factors contributing to political participation in illiberal democracies. She has over seven years of experience in the field of research and publications. Her main research interests include Political Participation, Voting Behavior, and Comparative Politics.