Gulshan Rafiq is an Assistant Research Officer (ARO) at Islamabad Policy Research Institute. She holds an M.Sc and M. Phil degree in Defence and Strategic Studies. She has also been a Non-Proliferation Fellow at the Center for Non-Proliferation Studies in Monterey, California and Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico, USA. She has previously worked as an International Relations Analyst at the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. Her research areas cover contemporary international affairs, non-proliferation, and security issues in South Asia. She regularly contributes to national and international dailies and academic journals.